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 The History of Zeus ( god of thunders )

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Join date : 2011-10-22
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PostSubject: The History of Zeus ( god of thunders )   Fri Oct 28, 2011 7:48 am

In Greek mythology, Zeus was held to be the ruler of all the Gods. He stayed on Mount Olympus and reigned over the heavens.

Greek Mythology has endowed Zeus with several peculiarities and qualities. Zeus is always seen with a thunderbolt and he would use it to quell his enemies. He is also symbolized by the eagle and the bull.

He is also quite well-known for his many affairs, with both Goddesses and mortal women, which inevitably produced offspring. This served to enrage his wife Hera, who would often create problems in these relationships.

Greek mythology is full of stories about Zeus.

How Zeus was born is quite an interesting tale. Zeus is the son of Cronos and Rhea. Cronos had been told by prophesy that he would be overthrown by his son. So each time a child was born, Cronos would swallow it. However, when Zeus was to be born, Rhea decided that she would avert this. She gave birth to her son, and hid him in a basket under a tree. She then wrapped a stone in a cloth and gave it to Cronos, who immediately swallowed it.

There are many versions of the story of how Zeus grew up. One version states that he was raised by the nymph Adamanthea. She hid Zeus from Cronus by dangling him from a tree on a rope because Cronus ruled the heavens, the earth and the sea. Another version states that he was raised by a family of shepherds and in return their sheep were spared by the wolves.

After Zeus grew up he forced his father to spit out the swallowed children by cutting Cronos' stomach open. Thereafter was a war in which Zeus overthrew his father and became the King of the Gods.

After the battle, Zeus, Poseidon and Hades divided the territory by a draw of lots. Poseidon got the sea, Hades got the Underworld and Zeus got the sky and the heavens. The Earth or Gaia could not be divided, and so belonged to all the three of them.

Zeus was married to his sister Hera. He had children with her as well, such as Ares. But then Zeus was also interested in other women. Of course, this enraged Hera. The stories of Zeus' many infidelities are an inseparable part of Greek Mythology. Some of the famous children Zeus had with other Goddesses are: Persephone by Demeter, Aphrodite by Dione, Apollo and Artemis by Leto, and Athena by Metis. With mortal women, the famous children of Zeus are: Heracles by Alcmene, Perseus by Danae, Minos by Europa, Thebe by Iodame, Argos by Niobe, and Dionysus by Semele.

There are several stories about each of these affairs, and these children. Most of them eventually became Gods, if they were not already Gods in the first place (Heracles for example).

When Greece was taken over by the Romans, Zeus was equated with their chief God, Jupiter.
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